Guest Article I: Diffusion Gravity

Diffusion Gravity: An Heuristic Approach
Guest Article by DH Fulton

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Also available on viXra and ResearchGate
March 30, 2019

I. Abstract

The evidence from quantum vacuum research suggests that virtual particles may play a much larger role in gravity than previously attributed. Far from being an empty “stage” or blank slate, the vacuum is an active agent in the transmission of energy (photons), and therefore should also serve asthe active medium through which gravity works. The model presented here integrates key concepts of an active quantum vacuum and the fundamental physical process of mass diffusion to provide a prime motivator of gravity as well as the key mechanism for the gravitational force.

2. Introduction

Fundamental forces of nature work from differences and the tendency of nature to level those differences. The most studied of these is heat and thermodynamics, for the obvious reason of employing and extracting useful work from those differences (Laws of Thermodynamics) to power modern society. Entropy, i.e. the second law, can even be construed as a force, as proposed by Erik Verlinde, for motivating his alternative theory of emergent gravity [1]. In a similar way, laws of mechanics employ another fundamental “leveling” force of nature: Mass Diffusion. The laws governing this force are attributed to Fick [2][3], who developed the formalism as to how concentration or mass differences can drive processes to do useful work. Some previous research on gravity as it might integrate with diffusion models was published by Britten [4][5] in “A Gravitational Diffusion Model without Dark Matter “ (1997), however, that model proposed coefficients of diffusion primarily for long range as an alternative to dark matter at galactic scale.

Retracing to Newton’s Laws, the prime mover for gravity is mass, but there is no mechanism to explain the forces described. As he originally formulated those laws, Newton admitted that he had “no hypothesis” as to the causality or how the aether might mediate the force. Einstein subsequently in special relativity explicitly denied that the vacuum was anything other than a void with his famous statement “The introduction of a ‘luminiferous ether’ will prove to be superfluous” [6]. But research and experiment have since shown that the vacuum is an active medium and that quantum fluctuations and Virtual Particles (VP’s) are the processes and players within it. More recently, advanced research [7] about the light propagation mechanisms has postulated that virtual particles, i.e., virtual fermions, can in fact be the transmitting agents of photons, i.e., a mechanism for transmission of electromagnetic energy through the vacuum. This work suggests that the quantum vacuum and virtual particles are nature’s completely efficient means of transmitting energy and could likewise be the most efficient means of transmitting gravity. The model proposed herein employs this concept, i.e., that virtual particles can be the transmitting agents of gravity through the vacuum, without themselves transmitting any matter or consuming any energy. The difference is important; the medium of the vacuum and virtual particles can act as carriers of the direction and density of the source mass object, which are the essential information for gravity to affect a destination mass object. Diffusion from the source mass through the vacuum provides the motive power to propel the virtual particles, with their corresponding information, toward the destination or affected mass, where the virtual particle flux from the source mass interacts with the destination virtual particle flux, to generate a resultant of net diffusion of direction and density, which manifests as a gravitational force between the source and destination. . . . READ MORE AT VIXRA>>